Eritrea Health MDGs Report 2014
Eritrea has a positive and unique story to tell about health related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Eritrea is one of the few countries expected to achieve the MDGs in health. Infant and child mortality rates have reduced dramatically; immunisation coverage has increased sharply; malaria mortality and morbidity have plummeted; and HIV prevalence has almost halved in a very short period of time.
Based on the latest data available and through an analysis of the trends of the three MDGs, as well as the current supportive policy and political environment in Eritrea, this report tells the Eritrean experience in achieving MDGs 4, 5, and 6. Specifically, this report highlights innovations, best practices, as well as challenges and bottlenecks that need to be improved on in order to sustain the gains achieved thus far for the health MDGs in Eritrea.
Eritrea’s march towards promoting equitable, accessible and affordable health services to the majority of its citizens has been commendable. Concerted government programmatic and resource investment in the health sector made it possible to reduce under-five mortality from 150 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 50 by 2013. During the same period, the maternal mortality ratio decreased from 1,700 per 100,000 live births to 380.