Environment and Sustainable Development
The Environment and Sustainable Development Unit collaborates with government to ensure sustainable use of natural resources and realize better environmental governance. UNDP considers capacity building of relevant Ministries and governmental agencies is vital in achieving better environmental management; and supports preparation and harmonization of legal and policy frameworks and building human and institutional capital towards effective environmental management. Considering the role an effective natural resource plays in poverty alleviation and attaining food security vice-versa, this programme supports the improvement of sustainable livelihood initiatives. Furthermore, efforts are underway to harmonize specific interventions to catalyze the attainment of MDGs in particular, eradicate extreme poverty and ensuring environmental sustainability.
Over the last decade Eritrea has made considerable progress with the support of UNDP in different fronts such as, studying its Coastal Marine and Island Biodiversity resources and establishing an Integrated Coastal Area Management framework; piloting viability of application of renewable (Wind) energy technologies in Eritrea that can be further replicated, Land use policy formulation and demonstrating effective sustainable land management practices, ; awareness raising in combating desertification and climate change impacts in development plans; enabling Eritrea to fulfil its commitment to UNFCCC and prepare its initial and second national communications; strengthening national capacity for effective land use planning and policy development and; preparing National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to climate change.
- 00079991 Sustainable Water Development Project
The overall objective of the project will be to enhance to the capacity of the Water Resources Department Capacity to plan, develop and sustainably manage the water resources of the country, and its ability to characterize and assure water quality for multi-use purposes.
- Integrated Semenawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori Protected Area System for Biodiversity and Mitigation of Land and Climate Change:
The aim is to set up an integrated protected area system with a view to conserve biological diversity, mitigate climate change effects, and combat land degradation.
- Increasing Resilience of Local Communities to Adapt to Climate Change Impacts through Piloting Groundwater Recharge and Natural Resources Management in Tsilima Plain:
The project objective is to harvest rainwater, treat the catchment landscapes around two micro dams that will be constructed to enrich ground water for well uses in domestic human and livestock consumption and irrigation purposes to change the livelihoods of the surrounding communities.
- Climate Change Adaptation Programme in Water and Agriculture in Anseba Region:
The overall goal of the programme is to promote increased food security in Eritrea through ecologically sustainable and climate-resilient improvements in agricultural production. The objective of the programme is to increase community resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change through an integrated water management and agricultural development.
Closed and Closing Projects:
- 00031458 Applications of Wind Energy Pilot Project
The purpose of this pilot project is to introduce new technology to reap clean energy (electricity) from wind sources and build the institutional and technical capacities for similar activities in wind rich areas.
- 00040749 Second National Communications
Eritrea, as a member of the World body in fighting climate change, is obligated to produce a report on a regular basis on how climate impacts its development and to communicate the findings to the UN Convention Secretariat.
- 00012438 Conservation Management of Eritrea's Coastal Marine and Island Biodiversity Project
The project aims at conserving Eritrea’s coastal, marine and island biodiversity by collecting data, promoting community awareness, developing policies, and establishing marine protected areas.
- 00063220 Pilot Sustainable Land Management Project
The objective of the project is to create the enabling environment necessary for adopting sustainable land management practices and alleviate environmental degradation while improving livelihhods of the farming communities of the central highland zone
- 00076007 Adaptation Fund Preparatory Project
The purpose of this project with small fund from the AF Board is to support the preparation of a full-sized cklimate change related project in Anseba that focuses on water and agriculture in and around the Anseba River, Upper Anseba Regional Administration (full pipeline project proposal listed hereunder)