Environment and Energy
Eritrea is vulnerable to droughts, floods, increased variability in rainfall patterns and/or reduced precipitation, soil erosion, desertification and land degradation. UNDP works with the Government in addressing environmental challenges and meeting its obligations under the Conventions on Biological Diversity, the Convention to Combat Desertification, and the UN Convention on Climate Change.
UNDP is assisting the Government’s effort to bridge the capacity gap. This support is focused on strengthening the ability of national institutions to establish the management systems of protected areas, restoration of forests, mangrove and biodiversity species protection system, sustainable land management (SLM) system, and reduction of forest deterioration through the promotion of improved cooking stoves. more
Projects and Initiatives
Integrated Semenawi and Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Area System for Conservation of Biodiversity and Mitigation of Land Degradation
Eritrea is a young and relatively small country (121,320km2) located at the northern part of the Horn of Africa. It has 2,234km of Red Sea coastline and an estimated 390 islands, primarily in the Dahlak Archipelago. Forests cover 53,000 ha or 0.44% of the total land area; woodlands 670,395 ha or 5.5% and grazing and browsing land 5,984,799 ha or 49.2%.more