Over 80% of Eritreans are engaged in subsistence farming and the government has made substantive efforts in improving food production. However, food sustainability remains a major problem for the country. With good rains the country can produce up to 60% of its food requirements, with bad rains the productivity can decrease to as low as 25% of national food requirements.
At the time of Independence, Eritrea did not have its own civil law system in place. The only legal instruments available were those introduced by the Ethiopian government, which did not reflect the socio-cultural and traditional values of the Eritrean society. In the interim, Eritrea adopted, with some amendments, the Ethiopian civil law system as provisional measure to developing its own legal system.
The project support to improve the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) through the procurement of necessary equipment and strengthening capacity of the Ministry of Health to provide quality coverage of and access to health care services.
UNDP will support the Government in its efforts to address the human resources gaps in these technical areas by facilitating access to and placement of professionals in the higher technical institutions to enhance their instructional and teaching capacity. The support for the identified areas of study will be done through the recruitment of professionals and provision of laboratory equipment.
The Government of the State of Eritrea ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1995. Since its establishment in 1979 the National Union of Eritrean Women (NUEW) played a major role in empowering the Eritrean women and fostering their participation in the national liberation movement and social justice.
Eritrea is a young and relatively small country (121,320km2) located at the northern part of the Horn of Africa. It has 2,234km of Red Sea coastline and an estimated 390 islands, primarily in the Dahlak Archipelago. Forests cover 53,000 ha or 0.44% of the total land area; woodlands 670,395 ha or 5.5% and grazing and browsing land 5,984,799 ha or 49.2%.
Eritrea as part of the arid and semi-arid Sahelian region of Africa is not adequately endowed with water resources. Its rainfall patterns are generally low in extent and erratic in nature. Besides, the country has been also prone to cyclic/recurrent droughts affecting the water resource bases of the country.